Federal Executive Departments
This page contains a short description of each federal executive department, including a link to each department's web page. They are arranged in alphabetical order.
The Department of Agriculture provides management of science and research which leads to the implementation of policy concerning food, agriculture, and natural resources. Among other activities, this department provides financing so that housing and job opportunities can be improved, helps to reduce illness by reducing the amount of contaminates in food, and manages public and private land that is used in concert with the federal government. 
The Department of Commerce works to better the economy by creating jobs, working with trade, technology, entrepreneurship, economic development, environmental stewardship, and research. They are also a part of the U.S. Census and they help businesses and inventors to be granted patents and trademarks for their ideas and products. 
The Department of Defense is in charge of providing security for the United States. They provide the military force necessary to deter war and protect the nation from those who wish to challenge that security. Their official headquarters is located at the Pentagon. 
The Department of Education creates federal policy that is tied directly to the distribution and oversight of funds. They are responsible for completing research that ultimately leads to the identification and solution of problems within the national education system. In addition, they also have the power to enforce federal laws concerning the discriminatory use of federal money. 
The Department of Energy is responsible for the security of America's energy and nuclear power. They seek to make energy reliable, clean and affordable, and make possible the clean up of nuclear material. While ultimately doing what is best for the environment, science and technology are used and researched to complete the aims of this department. 
Health and Human Services
The Department of Health and Human Services is charged with protecting the health of all American citizens. This large department comprises many well-known agencies, such as the National Institutes of Health and the Food and Drug Administration. They are also in charge of Medicare and Medicaid. Research in all areas of health, prevention of child abuse, and treatment and prevention of substance abuse are a few of other responsibilities of the HHS. 
The Department of Homeland Security strives to preserve the freedom of the United States from those who attempt to disturb that freedom. They work to centralize information and strategic operation in order to better provide counterterrorism and uphold the security of the national border. 
Housing and Urban Development
The Department of Housing and Urban Development is essential for the development of communities. They build working relationships with local organizations so that the community itself can have a hand in creating accessable, affordable housing that is not tainted by discrimination. 
The Department of the Interior is in charge of managing the U.S. wildlife. They protect lands and waterways and help to sustain natural energry resources. In addition, they stand up for America's tribal nations and island communities. 
The Department of Justice takes into consideration both domestic and foreign threats against the general interest of the United States. They defend against threats by enforcing the law in a manner which keeps the public safe, prevents and controls crime, and upholds the fair enforcement of such laws. 
The Department of Labor works to improve the lives of Americans, in all stages of their working life. For those who are currently employed, temporarily unemployed, or retired, the DOL promotes healthy working conditions, a substantial minimum wage, unemployment insurance, and many other goods and services that enhance the welfare of all citizens in the workforce. 
The State Department interacts with countries around the world, including foreign governments and international organizations. Among other responsibilities, they help other countries to negotiate and finalize international treaties, coordinate the distribution of resources between countries, and promote American values while also protecting human rights throughout the world. 
The Department of Transportation is responsible for carrying out duties related to America's roads, sky, and waterways. They work to make sure that all areas of transportation are safe, efficient, and accessible. A few of the administrations within the DOT are the Federal Aviation Administration, Federal Highway Administration, and Federal Railroad Administration. [13, 14]
The Department of the Treasury develops and enacts a multitude of policies concerning the management of federal finances, tax collection and currency, the supervision of national banks and the enforecement of tax laws, to name a few. Their overall aim is to promote and uphold the economic prosperity and financial security of the United States. In addition, they work to further economic growth around the world and raise the worldwide standard of living. 
The Department of Veterans Affairs is concerned with providing benefits and services to the veterans of the United States' armed forces. Among other services, the VA provides health care, advancement of current and accurate information, and a sense of dignity while helping to relieve distress. They uphold the values of compassion, commitment, excellence, professionalism, integrity, accountability, and stewardship in order to meet their goals. 
- 'About USDA.' United States Department of Agriculture. 06-07-2010. <http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/!ut/p/c5/04_SB8K8xLLM9MSSzPy8xBz9CP0os_gAC9-wMJ8QY0MDpxBDA09nXw9DFxcXQ-cAA_1wkA5kFaGuQBXeASbmnu4uBgbe5hB5AxzA0UDfzyM_N1W_IDs7zdFRUREAZXAypA!!/
- 'About Commerce.' United States of America Department of Commerce. 06-07-2010. <http://www.commerce.gov/about-department-commerce>.
- 'About Defense.' United States Department of Defense 06-07-2010 <http://www.defense.gov/admin/about.html>.
- 'Overview.' U.S. Department of Education. 06-07-2010. <http://www2.ed.gov/about/landing.jhtml?src=gu>.
- 'About DOE'. U.S. Department of Energy. 06-07-2010. <http://www.energy.gov/about/index.htm>.
- 'HHS: What We Do.' U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 06-07-2010. <http://www.hhs.gov/about/whatwedo.html>.
- 'Strategic Plan — One Team, One Mission, Securing Our Homeland.' Department of Homeland Security. 06-07-2010. <http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/strategicplan/>.
- 'Mission' U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development 06-07-2010. <http://portal.hud.gov/portal/page/portal/HUD/about/mission<.
- 'What We Do.' U.S. Department of the Interior. 06-07-2010. <http://www.doi.gov/whatwedo/>.
- 'About DOJ.' The United States Department of Justice. 06-07-2010. <http://www.justice.gov/02organizations/about.html>.
- 'Our Mission.' United States Department of Labor. 2010-04-07. <http://www.dol.gov/opa/aboutdol/mission.htm>.
- 'Diplomacy: The U.S. Department of State at Work.' U.S. Department of State. 06-07-2010. <http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/46839.pdf>.
- 'About DOT.' United States Department of Transportation 06-07-2010. <http://www.dot.gov/about.html>.
- 'U.S. Department of Transportation FY2011 Budget.' United States Department of Transportation 06-07-2010. <http://www.dot.gov/budget/2011/>.
- 'Duties & Functions of the U.S. Department of the Treasury.' United States Department of the Treasury. 06-07-2010. <http://www.ustreas.gov/education/duties/>.
- 'About VA.' United States Department of Veterans Affairs. 06-07-2010. <http://www.va.gov/landing2_about.htm>.